The following clubs have played in the league and achieved the following final positions: At the end of the regular season the third placed team in the 3.
Liga play the 16th placed team in the 2. Bundesliga over two matches. The overall winner plays in the 2. Bundesliga in the following season, and the loser in the 3.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the third-tier national association football league in Germany.
For other uses, see 3. For more details on this topic, see History of German football. FC Magdeburg 17, —18  2,, 6, 1. Promotion to the 2.
Promotion to the 3. Retrieved 19 July Archived from the original pdf on 2 November Retrieved 2 December Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 6 April Die torreichsten Spiele" in German.
Retrieved 21 June Liga" [TSV Munich does not receive approval for the 3. Retrieved 28 May Liga Promotion to 2.
Retrieved from " https: Association football leagues in Germany 3. Liga establishments in Germany Sports leagues established in Third level football leagues in Europe.
Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This is the sixth-highest of any domestic professional sports league in the world and the third-highest of any professional association football league in the world, behind the Bundesliga , and the Premier League.
The competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which lasts from August to May, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for 38 matchdays.
Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, and no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the highest-ranked club at the end of the season crowned champion.
If points are equal between two or more clubs, the rules are: The number of places allocated to Spanish clubs in UEFA competitions is dependent upon the position a country holds in the UEFA country coefficients , which are calculated based upon the performance of teams in UEFA competitions in the previous 5 years.
Currently the ranking of Spain and de facto La Liga is 1st. They were also runners-up in and In , the teams in the Republican area of Spain, with the notable exception of the two Madrid clubs, competed in the Mediterranean League and Barcelona emerged as champions.
Nevertheless, the governing body of Spanish football has not made an outright decision yet. The club subsequently won their first Liga title and retained it in The young, pre-war squad of Valencia had also remained intact and in the post-war years matured into champions, gaining three Liga titles in , , and Sevilla also enjoyed a brief golden era, finishing as runners-up in and before winning their only title to date in During his playing career with them, he scored goals, won the inaugural La Liga title and five Copa Del Rey.
In , Samitier returned to Barcelona as a coach and guided them in winning their second La Liga title in In , FC Barcelona made history yet again by winning five distinctive trophies in one year.
The s also saw the beginning of the Real Madrid dominance. During the s, s, and s, there were strict limits imposed on foreign players.
In most cases, clubs could only have three foreign players in their squads, meaning that at least eight local players had to play in every game.
Madrid won the first division in , 21 years later since , and retained its title in They were winners again in and , with only Athletic Bilbao interrupting their sequence.
However, their only European Cup triumph during this period came in , a sharp contrast to their five successive victories in the competition from Of the other clubs, only Valencia in and the Johan Cruyff -inspired Barcelona of broke the dominance of Real Madrid.
The Madrid winning sequence was interrupted more significantly in when Real Sociedad won their first-ever title.
They retained it in , and their two in a row was followed by fellow Basque team Athletic Bilbao, who won back-to-back titles in and Johan Cruyff returned to Barcelona as manager in , and assembled the legendary Dream Team .
When Cruyff took hold of this Barcelona side they had only won two La Liga titles in the past 11 years. Cruyff, who knew the history of FC Barcelona as a player, did not want history to repeat itself.
He decided to build a team composed of international stars and La Masia graduates in order to restore Barcelona to their former glorious days.
The s also continued the success of FC Barcelona. In the —05 season, Barcelona won their first title of the new century under the brilliance of Ronaldinho.
Barcelona retained the title and won it again in the season, as well as winning the UEFA Champions League against Arsenal , achieving their second European Double.
A year later in the season, Barcelona replicated the same feat under coach Tito Vilanova matching the point record. Real Madrid brought back the La Liga title under the management of Zinedine Zidane in —17, but Barcelona won the title in the —18 season, as well as winning their eighth double  , for a total of 7 La Liga titles in 10 years.
Rayo Vallecano and Huesca are the two clubs promoted directly from the second division, and the winner of the play-offs , Valladolid. Real Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia are in the top ten most successful clubs in European football in terms of total European trophies.
The All-time La Liga table  is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in La Liga since its inception in The table is accurate as of the end of the —18 season.
In La Liga, players can claim citizenship from the nation their ancestors came from. If a player does not have European ancestry, he can claim Spanish citizenship after playing in Spain for five years.
Sometimes, this can lead to a triple-citizenship situation; for example, Leo Franco , who was born in Argentina, is of Italian heritage yet can claim a Spanish passport, having played in La Liga for over five years.
In addition, players from the ACP countries — countries in Africa, the Caribbean , and the Pacific that are signatories to the Cotonou Agreement — are not counted against non-EU quotas due to the Kolpak ruling.
Until the —09 season, no official individual awards existed in La Liga. Since the —14 season, La Liga has also bestowed the monthly manager of the month and player of the month awards.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Spanish football clubs in international competitions. List of Spanish football champions. List of La Liga players.
Association football portal Spain portal. Retrieved January 13, Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 15 November Retrieved 25 May Archived from the original PDF on 19 May