Aug. Ehrung für Deutschlands größten Boxer in Düsseldorf Mit einem Bürgerantrag beantragt der Düsseldorfer Bürger Andreas Vogt am August. Juni Der neun Jahre ältere Max Schmeling war als erster Europäer Weltmeister im Schwergewicht geworden, hatte seinen Titel aber zwei. Juni Als erster Europäer holte sich Max Schmeling vor 80 Jahren den Titel eines Boxweltmeisters im Schwergewicht. Sein Gegner in New York war.
Max Schmeling Weltmeister VideoMax Schmeling Der ewige Weltmeister - zu seinem Tode am 2. Februar 2005
Shortly thereafter, he turned professional. Ironically, though he idolised the raging, brawling Dempsey, Schmeling developed a careful, scientific style of fighting that lent itself more to counterpunching.
Using this style, he won seventeen of his first twenty-three bouts, thirteen by knockout. In , he got into the ring with Dempsey, who was then still heavyweight champion of the world and was touring Europe.
Dempsey boxed for two rounds with the then-unknown German and, according to a story later told by Schmeling, was greatly impressed. The next year, Schmeling won the European championship by stopping Fernand Delarge in the first boxing match broadcast live in Germany.
After defending both titles against Hein Domgoergen the same year and, in , the European Title with a first-round knockout of Michele Bonaglia, he secured the German heavyweight championship with a point victory against Franz Diener and decided to chase bigger fights and bigger purses in the United States.
Arriving in New York for the first time in , Schmeling was hardly noticed by the American fight circles. Considered a stiff European fighter who had padded his record against German and European unknowns, he was given few opportunities to prove himself until he hooked up with American manager Joe Jacobs.
Two more victories led to a fight with Johnny Risko, one of the biggest names in the division, though somewhat beyond his prime. On 1 February , Schmeling floored Risko four times with his right hand before the referee halted the contest in the ninth round, handing Risko his only loss by TKO.
When he defeated the highly regarded Spaniard Paulino Uzcudun via a fifteen-round decision at Yankee Stadium later that year, Schmeling was regarded as the foremost young contender in the division.
With the World Heavyweight Champion Gene Tunney having recently retired, promoters arranged a matchup between the German and veteran contender Jack Sharkey to fill the vacancy.
He was trying to corner his opponent when Sharkey let loose with a very fast, clear hit to the groin. Schmeling fell to the canvas, claiming to have been fouled.
When manager Jacobs ran into the ring, prompting chaos, the referee disqualified Sharkey and declared Schmeling the victor and the first man to win the heavyweight championship on a foul since Joe Goss in The first European-born boxer to win the heavyweight championship in thirty-three years, Schmeling was also the first from Germany to hold the distinction.
Still, the way in which he won the title proved an embarrassment. In order to solidify his title as undisputed, Schmeling signed a contract to face the "Boston Gob" once more.
On 21 June , the championship picture became even more muddled when Sharkey won a highly controversial split decision, taking the championship. Many in attendance, including Gene Tunney and the mayor of New York, felt that Schmeling had proven himself the better man and was robbed.
In losing the championship, the German had elevated his reputation in the minds of boxing fans. When Schmeling faced Mickey Walker , the future hall-of-famer who had recently held Sharkey to a draw that many felt Walker deserved, it was thought that this fight was for the real heavyweight championship.
Walker, a former welterweight , was a popular slugger who had won championships in two divisions but was at a considerable size disadvantage against the European.
Though Walker took the lead on points, Schmeling dealt out a beating as the fight progressed. In , the Nazi Party became the most powerful political force in Germany, and its ideologies, voiced by party leader Adolf Hitler, overflowed with anti-Semitic tendencies.
Major American cities such as New York had large Jewish populations, who worried over what the party could mean for people of their religion in the future.
Baer, who did not practice the Jewish religion but had a Jewish father, came into the ring wearing the Star of David on his shorts.
Promoter Jack Dempsey played up this angle and suddenly the fight was viewed as Baer defending his faith against the prejudice of the Nazis, represented reluctantly by Schmeling.
While the German took a battering against the ropes in the tenth, the referee leapt in to stop the fight. The fight, combined with a follow-up loss to contender Steve Hamas early the next year, left many wondering if Schmeling was still a world top-class fighter.
Returning to his native Germany, Schmeling won three of his next four fights, with one draw, including knockout wins over first Walter Neusel , then another redeeming his previous loss to Steve Hamas.
Nevertheless, he was number two contender for the title behind Louis. Among the weaknesses he noticed was the fact that Louis lowered his left hand after throwing a left jab.
In the ring, Schmeling exploited this subtle flaw to his own advantage, countering nearly every Louis jab with his best punch, the right cross.
The fight proved to be a competitive, hard-hitting affair for the first three rounds, but, in the fourth, a counter right from the German dropped Louis for the first time in his career.
Though Louis rose, he was badly dazed for the remainder of the fight. For a further eight rounds, Schmeling battered Louis, often standing toe-to-toe with the vaunted puncher and landing that same right hand to the jaw repeatedly.
In the twelfth, he sent the American tumbling to the floor once more, and this time Louis could not recover. He was counted out on the floor, and Schmeling had scored the most talked-about sports upset of the year.
Now the unexpected number one contender for the heavyweight crown held by Jim Braddock , Schmeling looked forward to his chance to regain the title as first Heavyweight ever, scheduled for that September.
The fight was postponed, however, when Braddock injured his hand in training. Any other fight, with Louis or otherwise, would not be recognized by New York as being for the championship.
The Madison Square Garden Corporation, the largest promotional company in the sport at the time, even attempted to get a legal injunction against a Braddock-Louis fight Louis was not on their roster.
Nonetheless, in February , Schmeling received the news that the champion had indeed signed to defend his championship against Louis. A furious Schmeling protested, but to no avail, and he was forced to watch from ringside as Louis knocked Braddock out and gained the championship.
Sorely disappointed and convinced that he would never receive his chance at redemption, Schmeling fought just once more in America, an eighth-round knockout of future contender Harry Thomas, before returning to Germany.
In his native land, Schmeling was regarded as a hero and promoted by the Nazi propaganda machine as a perfect example of German supremacy over the rest of the world by virtue of his defeat of the current champion, Louis.
The government ordered parades and rallies in his honor. He became a friend to Hitler and other powerful figures in the government and also a popular subject of newspaper articles and films.
He continued to press for a chance at a rematch with Louis and in the meantime padded his record against overmatched fighters Ben Foord and Steve Dudas.
In , champion Joe Louis announced that he would face Schmeling for the title. The rematch became an instant international sensation. Many clamored impatiently for its happening, but others, afraid of international tensions and the possibility of Hitler taking over the championship, protested.
The controversy and ballyhoo led to the event becoming the most anticipated boxing match since the rematch between Dempsey and Gene Tunney, or possibly earlier.
Louis, with his poor, lower class roots was adopted by American fans as the symbol of America as a land of opportunity.
In contrast, Americans perceived Schmeling and his ties to Hitler as an obvious threat to those opportunities and ideals.
When the German walked to the ring at Yankee Stadium on 22 June , he did so under a hail of garbage thrown from the stands. Louis came out blazing in the first round and Schmeling tried to counter-punch as he had in the first bout, but to no avail.
Driven into the ropes and battered with a fusillade of short, crisp blows from every angle, Schmeling turned his back to his opponent and clutched onto the ropes, letting out a scream that even years later, many spectators could recall vividly.
Schmeling later said that he screamed because he had been hit with a blow to the kidneys. Schmeling reluctantly stepped away from the ropes, and Donovan allowed him to continue.
A few punches later, Schmeling was knocked down again. From then on, he was helpless. He rose but fell moments later, and Donovan stopped the fight.
Just imagine if I would have come back to Germany with a victory. I had nothing to do with the Nazis, but they would have given me a medal.
After the war I might have been considered a war criminal. He won both the German and European heavyweight championships on the same night, with a first-round knockout of Adolf Heuser.
During the Nazi purge of Jews from Berlin, he personally saved the lives of two Jewish children by hiding them in his apartment . During the war, Schmeling was drafted, where he served with the Luftwaffe and was trained as a paratrooper.
He participated in the Battle of Crete in May , where he was wounded in his right knee by mortar fire shrapnel during the first day of the battle.
After recovering, he was dismissed from active service after being deemed medically unfit for duty because of his injury. Nevertheless, in July a rumor that he had been killed in action made world news.
In the s Schmeling visited Louis in the United States, and the two became good friends. An Autobiography , was released in We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Jan 29, See Article History. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: German Max Schmeling , the world heavyweight boxing champion between and , pulled a stunning upset of American Joe Louis in and quickly found himself an unwilling pawn of Nazi propaganda.
Their rematch, won by Louis, generated enormous publicity and became the most politicized fight…. Louis lost to Schmeling in a 12th-round knockout.
In Louis captured the world heavyweight title from James Braddock, but stated he would not call himself a champion until he had….
Louis sustained his first professional loss in at the hands of Schmeling. In , after having beaten Braddock and taken the title, Louis met Schmeling in a rematch that the American media portrayed as a battle between Nazism….
Baer was a genial man known for his quick wit and flamboyant lifestyle. Economic impetus Nazi influence on German sports In Germany: Help us improve this article!
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